IT IS WORTH TO KNOW:
Kidneys play a very important role in our organism. They regulate the amount of water and salts that we have in our bodies by filtering the blood through millions of structures called nephrons. The kidneys also pass out certain waste products from the body and they take part in creating new blood cells and influence blood pressure.
The most common symptoms that might indicate abnormal kidney function are:
- producing more or less urine than usual
- burning sensation while passing urine
- muscle twitches and cramps
- swelling of feet and ankles
- dark urine or urine with blood
- fatigue and weakness
- loss of appetite
- shortness of breath
- feeling generally unwell for more than a few days
- nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite
- sleep problems
- chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
Kidney disease, however, often has no symptoms until it's at a serious stage. Patients frequently don’t know they have kidney damage until their kidneys have deteriorated to working at just 15% of their normal function.
The most common kidney diseases are: kidney stones, kidney inflammation, kidney failure or cancer. People who are especially at high risk of developing such diseases are: patients with diabetes, those who are overweight, patients who are over 60, those suffering from high blood pressure, smokers.